sec 5: The colon

The colon (:)

The colon is now seldom used but is necessary:

1. to instruct an enumeration (naming one by one)
e.g. send me the following articles: a pen, a ruler, a brush and some writing paper.

2. to introduce a speech or quotation beginning with the words like “thus”, ‘as follows”
e.g. The poet Keats wrote of Autumn thus: “Season of mists !”

3. to introduce long quotations
e.g. The following are the chief cities: London, Paris, Moscow, New York, Bombay.

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