Speech – Fire

Good morning, Mr Bryan Low, teachers and fellow students. In conjunction with the “Learn To Be Safe” Week, I am going to share with you some tips in case you are caught in a fire in a building.

Fires in buildings have killed many people. Many others have suffered mild or severe burns. When you are in a high-rise building, the first thing you should do is to make sure you know where the nearest fire escape is. You should take the time to read the fire evacuation notices. These notices will tell you what to do if a fire breaks out.

When you hear a fire alarm in a building, you should not think it is merely a fire drill and ignore it. Instead, you should leave the building quickly. You must not be panic by running around or screaming. Do not use the lift. Use the fire escape stairs.

If you are near a sink or have water with you, wet your handkerchief or a part of your clothing. Place this cover your nose and mouth. This will prevent the smoke from choking you. If the room you are in gets too smoky, keep as low to the ground as possible. Remember that hot air rises.

Keep these tips in mind and be safe always. Thank you.

Speeches and Talks

  1. Speeches are usually addressed to a certain group of people. They are given at various functions such as at dinners, school functions, meetings and parties.
  2. Speech must be interesting enough to attract the attention of the audience. Be clear and to the point.
  3. Use the correct format when writing the speech.
  4. Remember to use simple language and short sentences. If you use long sentences, you will tend to make more grammatical mistakes.
  5. Long sentences may also confuse the audience or make them lose interest after a while.
  6. When you begin your speech, you must greet your audience and mention the occasion you are speaking at.
  7. Write down the points that you wish to include in your speech.
  8. Think carefully about how you can best put forward your ideas.
  9. A good introduction and conclusion can make your speech more interesting.
  10. At the end of the speech, be sure to thank your audience. A simple “Thank you” will do.
  11. Edit your writing. Read and reread to correct any mistakes in spelling, grammar and punctuation.


  1. Articles for PT3 are divided into a few types. There are articles for school magazines, brochures, newsletters and newspapers.
  2. Articles are usually precise and straight to the point.
  3. Language used in articles must be simple.
  4. Read the question given carefully. Understand the short notes given.
  5. When you have understood the notes given, expand those notes.
  6. You must use your own ideas to make the article more interesting.
  7. Know who you are writing for. This allows you to write with your readers in mind.
  8. Arrange your points in paragraphs. Each main idea should have some supporting ideas.
  9. Give your article a suitable title.
  10. Read through to make sure you have not made careless mistakes in spelling,punctuation and grammar.

Themes for Cheat

Cheat is written by Allan Baillie. There are two main themes for the story.

First of all, we must be judgemental. We might not jump into conclusion too soon and it caused misunderstanding. For example, Lynne is one of the characters who is judgemental. After she read about the book writeen by William Bradburie in the library, she was filled with anger. She said that Geoff is cheating in the short story competition even though she has never read Geoff’s story before. The second theme is creative writing is not always original. A creative idea or innovation like is not always original because we will take idea and inspiration from different resources to make improvement. For instance, Lynne emphasised the importance of originality in the writing. When she realised that Geoff is not cheating, she was wondering whether she had read any story related to the sheepdog in flood.

The Swiss Family Robinson

Minor Character:

Mrs Robinson

  • She is the mother of the children
  • She is a brave woman because she is not afraid of challenges and problems faced.
  • She takes the initiative to make her family comfortable and happy in the unexpected circumstances
  • She takes care of the household chores.
  • She looks after the crops and animals.
  • She is smart because she is able to make bread out of manioc roots.
  • She cares and concerns of her family.
  • She is observant because she reminds her husband the danger of having rope ladder at the tree house.

The Swiss Family Robinson

Main Characters:

Mr. Robinson

  • Mr Robinson is the father of the children
  • He has good sense, practical knowledge.
  • He also understands human nature.
  • He tells the family that they must rely on each other under the unforeseeable circumstances.
  • He has a lot of information on the plants and animals in the ocean and the jungle.
  • He can identify a viable place for his family to stay.
  • He gives a lot of encouragement to his family so that they are able to survive on the island.
  • He fosters his son lots of good habits such as be independent, be resourceful and be respectful.
  • He is able to train his family to be civilised on the island that has no rules and regulations governed.


Synopsis: –


  • About two schoolchildren and their attitude to peer achievements and relationships.
  • The short story competition is won by Geoff and he wins the Holmes-Watkins Medal.
  • Lynne’s story is placed second and she feels disappointed.
  • She learns to accept her failure and decides to let go.
  • Then, she comes across a short story of write William Bradburie.
  • Geoff’s story of a circus elephant’s escapade in the park is similar to Bradburie’s story.
  • Immediately, Lynne assumes that Geoff has cheated and did not write his own story.
  • She is in dilemma as to whether and how she should expose Geoff.
  • The consequences may be too drastic for Geoff.
  • During the class discussion on careers, lynne holds back exposing Geoff but later she inadvertently mentions the name Bradburie and notices Geoff’s reaction.
  • A few minutes later, she is called into Headmaster Velo’s office and Geoff is ther too with the Holmes-Watkins Medal.
  • Mr Velos explains that Geoff feels he might have taken his story from Bradburie’s collection.
  • So, he decides to reverse the results and Lynne wins the prize.
  • But, Lynne is unhappy with the way the situation has turned out.
  • She begins to have doubts about her own story.