Themes for Cheat

Cheat is written by Allan Baillie. There are two main themes for the story.

First of all, we must be judgemental. We might not jump into conclusion too soon and it caused misunderstanding. For example, Lynne is one of the characters who is judgemental. After she read about the book writeen by William Bradburie in the library, she was filled with anger. She said that Geoff is cheating in the short story competition even though she has never read Geoff’s story before. The second theme is creative writing is not always original. A creative idea or innovation like is not always original because we will take idea and inspiration from different resources to make improvement. For instance, Lynne emphasised the importance of originality in the writing. When she realised that Geoff is not cheating, she was wondering whether she had read any story related to the sheepdog in flood.

The Swiss Family Robinson

Minor Character:

Mrs Robinson

  • She is the mother of the children
  • She is a brave woman because she is not afraid of challenges and problems faced.
  • She takes the initiative to make her family comfortable and happy in the unexpected circumstances
  • She takes care of the household chores.
  • She looks after the crops and animals.
  • She is smart because she is able to make bread out of manioc roots.
  • She cares and concerns of her family.
  • She is observant because she reminds her husband the danger of having rope ladder at the tree house.

The Swiss Family Robinson

Main Characters:

Mr. Robinson

  • Mr Robinson is the father of the children
  • He has good sense, practical knowledge.
  • He also understands human nature.
  • He tells the family that they must rely on each other under the unforeseeable circumstances.
  • He has a lot of information on the plants and animals in the ocean and the jungle.
  • He can identify a viable place for his family to stay.
  • He gives a lot of encouragement to his family so that they are able to survive on the island.
  • He fosters his son lots of good habits such as be independent, be resourceful and be respectful.
  • He is able to train his family to be civilised on the island that has no rules and regulations governed.

PT3: The River – Notes

Meaning: –

1. Wanderer – a person who moves from place to place and has no permanent home. 

2. Nomad – a tribe of of travelers who move from one place to another place. 

3. Tramp – someone who has no home or job and moves from place to place, often asking for food or money. 

4. Hoarder – A collection of things that someone hides somewhere, especially so they can use them later. 

5. Gurgles – Flows along with a low sound. 

6. Hums – to sing a tune by making a continuous sound with your lips closed. 

7. Vexed – old-fashioned to make someone annoyed or worried. 

8. Gobbled – to eat something very quickly

The river consists of six stanzas. 

Each stanza talks about the different characteristics of the river. 

The river is embodied with human nature or character in each stanza. 

Stanza 1: 
1. In stanza 1, the river is characterized as a wanderer, a nomad and a tramp. 
2. The river is like a person; a wanderer who keeps on moving from one place to other place without stopping at any particular place. 
3. The river is the same. It does not stay in the same place for long long time. 

Stanza 2: 
1. The river is characterized as a winder. 
2. It keeps twisting and turning. It does not rest or stop. 
3. Although there are valleys or hills upfront, the river will continue to flow. 
3. The river refers to a child who is unable to keep still. 

 Stanza 3: 
1. The river is described as a hoarder. 
2. The river is like a person. 
3. A hoarder likes to accumulate or gather things and hide at the bottom of the river bed. 

Stanza 4: 
1. The river is is pictured as a baby. 
2. The sound running water of a river is characterized as the sound of a baby gurgling, humming and sucking his thumb. 
3. Baby’s voice can be too soft or too loud from time to time. 
4. When the river goes fast down the stream, the sound is loud and when it comes to a more flat ground, the sound lessen. Sometimes, the sound of the flowing of river cannot be heard. 

Stanza 5: 
1. The river is described as a singer. 
2. While moving, the river moves with sounds. 
3. The sound of flowing water of the river resonates and is heard throughout the countryside. 

Stanza 6: 
1. The river is said to be a monster which can cause massive destruction when it is angry. 
2. When the water level increases and the speed of the stream is boosted. 
3. It shows how a calm river can turn into a destructive force of nature especially during flood. 

PT3: The River

This poem is written by Valerie Bloom. 

Synopsis of the poem:  
1. The river is about the many faces of a river. 
2. The river is a wanderer where it moves all over the place. 
3. The river does not sit still and keep moving. 
4. The river is also a winder where it twists and turns. 
5. He is also a hoarder where it keeps things deep down in the river bed. 
6. Sometimes, it is a baby when he is happily flowing along. 
7. Sometimes, it is a singer –> through the happy sounds of the water. 
8. Sometimes, it is a monster –> can devour trees (most probably during flood).

PT3: Poem – I Wonder – Setting and Persona

1. The setting of the poem is outdoors. 

2. First, she notices the green grass and feels the soft wind blowing. When the wind blows, the trees sway. However, when the wind stops, the trees rest. 

3. She looks at the clear sky and the fluffy clouds. 

4. Next, when it rains, lightning flashes across the sky. Afterwards, she sees the beautiful rainbow. 

5. At night,  the stars twinkle in the sky and the moon light lights up in the sky too. 

1. The persona is probably a child. 
2. This poem is writing is writing based on the first person point of view  because we can see the pronoun “I”. 

PT3: Poem – I Wonder – Background


1. It is very common that all children seek for answers about their natural surroundings. 

2. The poet thinks that we should encourage our children to be curious so that they can learn anything and anywhere. 

3. In this poem, the poet describes how a child view nature and how a child asks questions related to the nature and its elements. 

4. Although some of the questions that are asked by the children are difficult, adults must seek to educate the children so that the children will appreciate the nature. 

The Bahasa Malaysia Specialist and The English Expert